Baalbek Lebanon A Sacred Archaeological Heritage Site
Baalbek a small town situated in Lebanon, Bakaa Valley. Today, the city holds the ruins of the monuments, a temple which existed during Roman period. In ancient time, Baalbek was known as Heliopolis. The site is known as greatest wonders of ancient world built under Roman dynasty. The site with ruins and half structure is still preserved as a good piece of art by the Romans.
It is an archaeological site in Lebanon. The oldest part of the site is considered as holiest area, which is the temple of Baal-Jupiter. The shrine is considered as a blend of Lord Roman Jupiter and Canaanite Lord Baal. The temple is said to be built on a mound, representing the place as a sacred. But the prime reason what makes this area significant or sacred is not known.
About the Temple:
Mercury, Venus and Jupiter are few gods that are worshipped here. The site serves as a venue of the Baalbek International Festival, which happens once in a year. The city is situated 85m from northeast of Beirut city. The site is considered as one of the peaceful and holiest place. It has got biggest stone construction in the entire world. The temple was dedicated to the deity of the sky. The place is birthplace of Baal, also said to be the admiration of Lord Baal, an amalgamation form of Lord Jupiter, which was then named as Heliopolitian. The history is rooted in 5000-years ago. Today, the site is visited by several tourist from around the world.
How old is the site?
The site is said to be from Roman times. A pattern is followed to build a sacred or cultural place. It is believed that the place is 2,000 years old. But the question seems to be unanswered that, had Canaanites did what Roman did? To put in simple words, was the site build well? Several question arise, which remains unanswered!
Baalbek is a focal point for contradiction being exposed from the prehistoric past. The temple was constructed with 1,500 tons of stones. The size of stones was 68 X 14 X 14 –feet, which are considered as largest stones on the globe. It is still a mystery, how, such huge stones were moved from one place to other, despite the fact that Roman did not used type of stonework.
To further add-on the mystery part, the megaliths are not foundation stone, but top course of stones. The biggest stone was on top and not at bottom. The whole structure is inverted in construction. The back-side of the temple wall was built-in 3-types of stone, on one side temple of Jupiter, where the perimeter falls on width of original megalithic. But Roman were unable to extend the building far enough which covered the layout of megalithic.
Baalbek also known as Balbec, Baalbec or Baalbeck. It is situated at Anti-Lebanon foothills, with the majority of population of Shia Muslims then followed by Sunni Muslims and minority of Christians. The Baalbek is declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site from the year 1984.