Cesky Krumlov Castle The Central Europe’s Architectural Treasury
‘Cesky Krumlov’ is a small town based in the ‘South Bohemian Region’ of the Czech Republic. The town was founded during the medieval period & it features innumerable structures & buildings built in the middle ages, which remain relatively unchanged over past five centuries! The town is located within a meander of River Vltava & was built around the historic Cesky Krumlov Castle that dates back to the 13th century.
The town of ‘Cesky Krumlov’ has evolved over the time while keeping most of its medieval time urban infrastructure intact, thanks to its relatively peaceful history. The well preserved town establishment is adorned by the flow of Vltava River that sets a stunning backdrop. The iconic castle that stands at the heart of the town, is the second largest castle in the country & it flaunts myriad elements of the Gothic, Renaissance & the Baroque style of architecture. The town of ‘Cesky Krumlov’ was honored by UNESCO by including it in the list of ‘World Heritage Sites’ in the year 1992!
HISTORY IN BRIEF:
The history of the town stretches back to the 13th century, when the construction of the castle & surrounding town was started. The town was set along the important trade routes in Bohemia. In 1302, the House of Rosenberg had the town & castle in possession, which then transferred from one hand to the other among various houses. The House of Eggenberg received the town’s possession from Emperor Ferdinand II & after that, from 1719 to 1945, the House of Schwarzenberg had a stronghold over ‘Krumlov’.
‘Krumlov’ features the buildings which boast an extensive use of the elements of Gothic, Renaissance & Baroque styles of architectures. ‘Nazi Germany’ seized the town during World War II, however, during the ‘Communist’ period of Czechoslovakia, much of the structure was severely damaged. Fortunately, the major restoration project was undertaken in 1989, which successfully restored the old glory of this charming town. Ever since then, ‘Krumlov’ came into limelight & became famous as a premium tourist hotspot, not only in the Europe, but also in the entire world.
Castle- The massive ‘Cesky Krumlov Castle’, which dominates the town’s skyline, is the most prominent tourist attraction in the ‘Krumlov’. The castle was built in the 13th century & later on, expanded several times during the successive centuries. The castle was initially built in the Gothic style & it was subsequently converted into a Baroque chateau. The iconic Bellaire summer palace, a winter riding school & a spectacular ‘Baroque theatre’ complete the ornamentation of this extensive castle.
Museums: ‘Krumlov’ houses few interesting museums dedicated to different fields, from geology to the art! The Town’s Regional Museum holds permanent exhibitions of Bohemian antiques & several archeological findings, whereas; the Museum Vltavinu demonstrates the precious ‘Moldavite’ stones which are conceived from a massive meteorite impact that occurred some 15 million years back. Egon Schiele Centrum Museum is the most iconic museum of the pack as it houses priceless paintings of the world’s one of the most famous artists- ‘Egon Schiele’!
Sumava National Park: Czech Republic’s largest national park ‘Sumava’ is located near the town of ‘Krumlov’. It resides in the alpine terrain of ‘Sumava Mountains’ that borders Austria & Germany. The place is widely popular among hikers, cyclists & canoeists.
This adorable town is worth visiting at least once in the lifetime for witnessing the essence of the central European Gothic architecture. The place is so popular among the tourists, that during summer days, visitor’s strength often surpasses the local population!