Dwarka The Lost City
Dwaraka The Lost City, is also spelt as Dwarka or Dvarka is one amongst the seven holy cities in India. Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Benares (Kashi), Kanchi, Ujjain and Dwarka being termed as saptapuri. As per the ancient Hindu references in Srimad Bhagwad Gita, Skanda purana, Vishnu Purana and the epic Mahabharata Dwarka is described as the golden city and capital of lord Krishna’s kingdom. Many poets and writers of ancient India have written on the majesty and beauty of Dwarka. Today, it is called ‘Dwarka The Lost City’.
Dwarka is identified with the kingdom of Dwarka created by Lord Krishna and is believed to be the first capital of Gujarat. Dwarka is not a legend but a reality that exists submerged in water today. Dwarka was well planned city with an efficient harbor which was advanced and suitably designed to deal with the marine traffic of large ships. The studies from the excavations and the study of the surrounding sites indicate that the date of the structures of Dwarka could be between Historical period and late medieval period.
Image Credit: History Channel
Dwarka had a port to take care of even the large ships entering the port. The archaeological explorations off Dwarka has brought to light a large number of semicircular, rectangular and square stones and are randomly scattered over a vast area under sea. There are also large numbers of stone anchors noticed along with the other structures. This shows that in ancient India Dwarka was an important and most busy port on the western coast of India. The ruins are dated at least 9 thousand years ago, which means that the civilization existed much before 9000 years. Coastal erosion was the probable reason for the destruction of the ancient port. The reports mention that around 1500 BC the entire western coast of India disappeared along with the capital city of Dwarka.
The explorations conducted reveal sandstone walls, streets and an evidence of sea port 70 feet under water. These are the ruins of the lost city of Dwarka. The ancient Hindu texts quote shows that Lord Krishna who migrated from Mathura created the city of Dwarka and established kingdom here. There was battle with the king of Salva. The battle was fought using sophisticated and advanced weapons termed as “Astra” there are reference of the use of flying machine also, a craft attacking from the orbit. There is mention of this craft attacking the city with the energy weapons that ruin the city. Lord Krishna counterattacked with his weapons on the craft.
Until recent time, Dwarka was just a legend but now the remains discovered under sea gives many clues to suggest that Dwarka was indeed Lord Krishna stayed and developed this city and the battle with King Salva. Between the periods 1983 to 1990 the well built city of Dwarka was discovered under the sea, stretching over half a mile the township was built in six sectors along the banks of river. The foundation of the boulders on which the city walls were erected proved that the land was reclaimed from the sea.
Reference in Bhagwad Gita mention that the sea which was beating against the shore , suddenly broke the barricade created and rushed through the city submerging the beautiful buildings one after another, in few moments there was no trace of city of Dwarka. The city of gold Dwarka vanished under water due to the deluge.