Kaziranga National Park, Assam A Reserve Forest In India
Kaziranga National Park, a sanctuary, which partly lies in Golaghat District and Nagaon District of Assam. The sanctuary is one of the oldest National Park spread on 430 Square Kilometre of land located along River Brahmaputra on North. The National Highway NH-37 passes through tea estate edged with short tea bushes. If you are lucky enough, one can also get a glimpse of wild elephants and rhinos straying near highway.
About Kaziranga National Park
The Park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1985. Its spectacular natural heritage and sheer number of wildlife sighting makes the Sanctuary renowned and most beautiful. The National Park is famous for its Great Indian Rhinoceros, also a high density of Tiger Reserve which was established in 2006.
The vast Park is spread on 800 sq km, residence to 1,300 Asian Elephants, 800 Swap Deer, 9,000 Hog Deer, 1,800 Wild Buffaloes and different types of birds. The Park is known as paradise or birders and dreamland for wildlife photographers.
Other than One Horn Rhinos and Tigers, the park is also home for Indian Civet, rare Hispid Hare, Chinese and Indian Pangolins, Assamese Macaque, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Chinese Ferret Badger and others. Elephants can be spotted easily. The beauty of the forest is preserved and protected after its establishment in 1905 as Reserve Forest.
The Kaziranga National Park is undisturbed by human activity or presence. The best time to visit the park is from November to April. Ride on Elephant to move around the Sanctuary or a boat safari on Brahmaputra along the park are two opted safaris.
The Kaziranga National Park is protected area under Government of India and Government of Assam. The history of this place starts when Mary Curzon, Lord Curzon and Baroness Curzon of Kedleston wife of the Viceroy of India decided to visit this place. After a visit they fail to spot a single Rhino in the area, which was renowned for rhinoceros. She persuaded her husband to take protective measures for the dwelling species. The Viceroy of India, then initiated and planned a protection plan for the animals. Then on 1st June 1905, Kaziranga proposed Reserve forest covering of 232-sq km.
Over Next 3-years the park area was more extended by 152-sq km along the Brahmaputra River. In 1908 it was designated as ‘Reserve Forest’, and then in year 1916, it was designated as ‘Kaziranga Game Sanctuary’. Hunting was legal till the year 1938, which was then prohibited. The Game Sanctuary was then renamed to National Park by forest conservationist. Fourteen years later, government of India and Government of Assam officially designated the park under Assam National parks Act 1968. Today, it is conserved and protected for its unique natural environment which makes it a World Heritage Site.
Today, the Park is protected and home for several animals, mammals, birds and reptiles. Not just famous land for One Horn Rhinoceros, Asian Elephants, Tigers, but also for other animal with beautiful landscape around. There are few marshes and shallow pools, tall elephant grass which makes the park more beautiful with its natural environment.