Lisbon Portugal The Metropolitan Capital
Lisbon is the capital of Portugal in the European continent. Lisbon is the largest city in Portugal in the western part of the nation, along the coast of Atlantic Ocean. The city has expanded beyond limits adding another 958 Square Km area and there is Lisbon Metropolitan Area which has almost 27% of the total population of the country. The main language spoken being Portuguese, yet most of the residents there understand and can converse in English. Spanish is also the language spoken in Lisbon.
Lisbon is an important city for international trade, and is one of the main economic centers in the continent. Lisbon has largest container port on Atlantic coast. Lisbon is also well connected by air with most of the main cities of Europe, America and Africa. The city is the seventh popular city amongst the tourists in Europe. It is the closest European capital to United States and just about 2 hours flight from major European cities.
The city has Mediterranean climate with temperature ranging between 8 to 15 degrees Celsius in winter, from December to February. Snow and Frost is very rarely experienced in Lisbon. Whereas the summer which typically lasts for six months from May to October the climate is very pleasant with temperature ranging between 25-16 degree Celsius. Rainfall occurs only in winter and the summer is dry.
Lisbon is second oldest cities (after Athens) in the world older than even London, Rome and Paris and thus has rich cultural and characteristic sights, cultural treasures. This is the paradise for the photographers and the visitors.
Lisbon boasts of being home to Vasco-da Gama the world’s greatest explorer, so also of Prince Henry the navigator and Magellan. Lisbon was once the capital of the vast kingdom spreading over the continents ruling Brazil, China and few parts of India. Presently the least expensive capital in the Western Europe the currency being Euro.
Lisbon has very efficient public transport network covering entire city and also the surrounding areas. The tourists can safely commute with the help of Tram or the bus service. The metro rail service in Lisbon is clean, fast and efficient. The tickets issued are bilingual, Portuguese and English. There are day pass also available for travel in bus or metro.
There are several places of tourist interest in Lisbon few amongst them are Belem, Sao Jorge Castle, Lisbon Oceanarium and the Santa Justa Lift. Lisbon has rich culture of architecture, and Romanesque, Gothic, Manuelline,Baroque, modern and postmodern constructions are seen all over Lisbon. Belem is the famous place from which many of the great Portuguese voyages of discovery had set off.
This is the place from where Vasco da Gama set off in 1497 for India and Pedro Alvares Cabral departed for Brazil in 1499. It has the Belem palace which was former Royal residence, and now occupied by the President of Portugal, and the other palace Ajuda palace whose construction began in 1802 but was never completed. Chiado is the traditional shopping complex area, with many museums and theaters including the opera.